Friday Morning Pairs Friday Morn Session September 21, 2018
Scores after  7 rounds  Average:   42.0      Section A
Pair    Pct   Score      Section Rank      MPs
                         A     B     C
  1   45.83   38.50  B         2          0.20(B)  Harvey Russell - Marlene Russell
  2   49.40   41.50  A                             Kathy Boothroyd - Jerry Boothroyd
  3   39.88   33.50  B                             Darlene Allen - Cec VanSickle
  4   47.02   39.50  C         1          0.28(B)  John Living - Michael Moore
  5   43.45   36.50  B                             Peter Leveque - Gail Abbott
  6   54.17   45.50  A   3                0.40(A)  Marie Lamontagne - Judy Hildiebrand
  7   62.50   52.50  A   1                0.80(A)  Anna Crouch - Gill Schramm
  8   57.74   48.50  A   2                0.56(A)  Doreen Ransom - Lysbeth McCrone

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 1
North Deals
None Vul
6 5
Q J 8 3 2
A K 10
9 8 6
A 8 7
A 7 5
J 8 3
A J 5 4
N
WE
S
Q J 4 3 2
10 4
Q 5 4
Q 7 3
K 10 9
K 9 6
9 7 6 2
K 10 2

EW 2; NS 1N; EW 2; NS 1; Par −100: NS 2N×−1

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 N−1 3503.000.008-Ransom-McCrone1-Russell-Russell
2 E2 61102.001.007-Crouch-Schramm3-Allen-VanSickle
2 E3 61401.002.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand5-Leveque-Abbott
1 E4 21700.003.004-Living-Moore2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 2
East Deals
N-S Vul
10 8 7 3
9 8 5
K
K J 9 7 2
J 5 4 2
10 7 4
Q 3 2
8 6 5
N
WE
S
A
A K Q J 3
A J 8 7 5
Q 3
K Q 9 6
6 2
10 9 6 4
A 10 4

EW 4; EW 4; EW 2N; NS 2; NS 1; Par −420

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 E3 K1403.000.007-Crouch-Schramm3-Allen-VanSickle
2 E4 21701.501.504-Living-Moore2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
1 E4 61701.501.506-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand5-Leveque-Abbott
2 W5 K2000.003.008-Ransom-McCrone1-Russell-Russell

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 3
South Deals
E-W Vul
9 5 4 2
Q 7
K 10 6
A 7 5 2
A K 8 6
9 5 4
A 9
Q J 10 3
N
WE
S
Q 10 3
A J 2
J 4 3
K 8 6 4
J 7
K 10 8 6 3
Q 8 7 5 2
9

EW 4; EW 2N; EW 2; NS 2; NS 3; Par −100: NS 4×−1

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
1 NTE1 6902.500.506-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand5-Leveque-Abbott
1 NTE1 6902.500.507-Crouch-Schramm3-Allen-VanSickle
2 W3 61101.002.004-Living-Moore2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
2 W3 61400.003.008-Ransom-McCrone1-Russell-Russell

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 4
West Deals
Both Vul
A 9
Q J 10 7 5
8 7
Q J 10 4
7 4 3 2
K
A 10 5 4
9 8 5 3
N
WE
S
K Q J 10 8 5
2
K J 6 2
K 2
6
A 9 8 6 4 3
Q 9 3
A 7 6

NS 5; NS 3N; EW 3; NS 3; EW 2; Par +500: EW 5×−2

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
4 N5 K6503.000.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand5-Leveque-Abbott
4 S4 A6202.001.007-Crouch-Schramm3-Allen-VanSickle
4 E−1 A1001.002.008-Ransom-McCrone1-Russell-Russell
4 E4 A6200.003.004-Living-Moore2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 5
North Deals
N-S Vul
4 2
Q J 7 4
Q J 8
Q J 7 3
A K J 9 5
9 6 3 2
9 4 2
A
N
WE
S
8 7
A 10 8 5
7 6 5
K 9 8 2
Q 10 6 3
K
A K 10 3
10 6 5 4

EW 2; EW 1N; EW 1; NS 1; NS 1; Par −110

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
1 NTS2 91203.000.007-Crouch-Schramm6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
1 NTS1 A902.001.008-Ransom-McCrone2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
1 NTE−1 K501.002.001-Russell-Russell4-Living-Moore
2 N−2 82000.003.005-Leveque-Abbott3-Allen-VanSickle

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 6
East Deals
E-W Vul
J 3
A Q 6 5
A K 8 7
A K 7
A 10 8
K J 10 8 2
Q 5 3
J 6
N
WE
S
Q 5
9 7
J 6 4 2
Q 9 5 4 3
K 9 7 6 4 2
4 3
10 9
10 8 2

NS 4; NS 2; NS 1N; N 2; NS 1; S 1; Par +420

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
4 N4 94203.000.008-Ransom-McCrone2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
3 NTN−1 4502.001.005-Leveque-Abbott3-Allen-VanSickle
3 NTN−2 41001.002.007-Crouch-Schramm6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
6 ×S−2 J3000.003.001-Russell-Russell4-Living-Moore

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 7
South Deals
Both Vul
10 6 5
A 9 6
K 6 4
9 8 7 5
A J 9 8 2
K 2
A 9 5 3
A 2
N
WE
S
4 3
Q 10 8
J 10 8 7 2
K 10 4
K Q 7
J 7 5 4 3
Q
Q J 6 3

EW 3N; EW 3; EW 4; EW 1; Par −600

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
2 W3 81103.000.007-Crouch-Schramm6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
2 W3 A1402.001.008-Ransom-McCrone2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
1 NTE4 41801.002.001-Russell-Russell4-Living-Moore
2 ×S−1 A2000.003.005-Leveque-Abbott3-Allen-VanSickle

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 8
West Deals
None Vul
9 7 5 3 2
J
A 7 5
K 9 6 3
Q 8
10 8 2
K 10 6 4 2
Q 4 2
N
WE
S
A K J 6
Q 9 7 6 5 4
8 3
5
10 4
A K 3
Q J 9
A J 10 8 7

NS 3N; S 5; NS 3; N 4; EW 2; NS 2; Par +400

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
2 S2 101103.000.008-Ransom-McCrone2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
3 ×E−1 41002.001.007-Crouch-Schramm6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
3 NTS−1 10501.002.005-Leveque-Abbott3-Allen-VanSickle
5 ×S−1 21000.003.001-Russell-Russell4-Living-Moore

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 9
North Deals
E-W Vul
K 6 3
10 9 7
K 9 4 2
9 7 6
A J 7 4 2
J 6 2
A Q
A 10 5
N
WE
S
Q 9
A K 8
J 10 8 7 5
K 8 4
10 8 5
Q 5 4 3
6 3
Q J 3 2

E 5N; E 5; W 4N; W 4; E 4; E 5; W 3; W 4; EW 3; Par −660

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
5 W−2 102003.000.008-Ransom-McCrone3-Allen-VanSickle
1 W4 101702.001.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand4-Living-Moore
3 NTE3 26001.002.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd5-Leveque-Abbott
3 NTE5 36600.003.001-Russell-Russell7-Crouch-Schramm

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 10
East Deals
Both Vul
K 8 5
K Q 8
A 10 6
K Q 7 4
J
A 9 7 5
Q 9 4 3
A 10 9 8
N
WE
S
7 6 4 3 2
6 3
K J 7
6 5 3
A Q 10 9
J 10 4 2
8 5 2
J 2

NS 2N; NS 2; NS 2; NS 2; NS 1; Par +120

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 NTN4 26303.000.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand4-Living-Moore
2 NTN4 61802.001.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd5-Leveque-Abbott
2 NTN2 71201.002.008-Ransom-McCrone3-Allen-VanSickle
3 S−1 31000.003.001-Russell-Russell7-Crouch-Schramm

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 11
South Deals
None Vul
10 5 4 2
A J 9
9 4
A K Q 8
A K Q J 9 6
K
A
9 6 4 3 2
N
WE
S
3
8 6 4 3
K J 10 8 7 5 2
J
8 7
Q 10 7 5 2
Q 6 3
10 7 5

EW 2; EW 1; Par −90

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
4 W−1 A503.000.008-Ransom-McCrone3-Allen-VanSickle
4 ×S−1 A1002.001.001-Russell-Russell7-Crouch-Schramm
3 W3 A1400.502.502-Boothroyd-Boothroyd5-Leveque-Abbott
1 W3 A1400.502.506-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand4-Living-Moore

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 12
West Deals
N-S Vul
7 3
J 9
K 9 6 3 2
9 8 5 2
A 10 2
K Q 10 7
Q 7 5
K J 6
N
WE
S
J 9 8 4
5 3 2
A 10
A 7 4 3
K Q 6 5
A 8 6 4
J 8 4
Q 10

EW 4; EW 4; EW 3N; EW 4; EW 1; Par −420

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 NTW−1 3502.001.001-Russell-Russell7-Crouch-Schramm
3 NTW−1 3502.001.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd5-Leveque-Abbott
3 NTW−1 3502.001.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand4-Living-Moore
2 NTW3 31500.003.008-Ransom-McCrone3-Allen-VanSickle

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 13
North Deals
Both Vul
A
K 10
A K Q J 6 3
A K 7 3
10 8
Q 6 3
9 5 4
J 9 8 5 2
N
WE
S
K J 4 3 2
A J 7 5 4 2
2
4
Q 9 7 6 5
9 8
10 8 7
Q 10 6

N 5N; NS 5; EW 2; NS 3; S 1N; N 1; Par +660

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 NTN6 26903.000.008-Ransom-McCrone4-Living-Moore
3 NTN4 46302.001.007-Crouch-Schramm5-Leveque-Abbott
3 N6 41701.002.003-Allen-VanSickle6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
5 N−1 41000.003.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd1-Russell-Russell

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 14
East Deals
None Vul
Q 10 8 5 3
J 6 3
Q 8
Q 10 9
9 7 6
Q 7
K 9 6 3
K J 8 3
N
WE
S
A J 4 2
10 9 4
A 7 2
7 5 4
K
A K 8 5 2
J 10 5 4
A 6 2

NS 3; NS 2N; NS 1; NS 1; NS 1; Par +140

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
1 NTS3 31503.000.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd1-Russell-Russell
2 S3 31401.501.503-Allen-VanSickle6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
2 S3 31401.501.507-Crouch-Schramm5-Leveque-Abbott
4 S−2 31000.003.008-Ransom-McCrone4-Living-Moore

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 15
South Deals
N-S Vul
A Q J 3 2
10 7 6 2
9
K 10 7
K 9 6
Q 9 5
Q 7 2
9 5 3 2
N
WE
S
10 5 4
A K
A 10 8 4 3
Q J 8
8 7
J 8 4 3
K J 6 5
A 6 4

NS 3; N 2N; NS 2; S 1N; NS 1; NS 1; Par +140

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
2 N3 Q1403.000.007-Crouch-Schramm5-Leveque-Abbott
1 E−1 8501.501.502-Boothroyd-Boothroyd1-Russell-Russell
2 E−1 9501.501.503-Allen-VanSickle6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
1 NTW1 A900.003.008-Ransom-McCrone4-Living-Moore

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 16
West Deals
E-W Vul
7 5
A 10 5 2
K Q J 10 7
9 7
Q J 10 8 4 3
8 7 3
5
K 10 6
N
WE
S
6
K J 6 4
A 8 4 3
A J 3 2
A K 9 2
Q 9
9 6 2
Q 8 5 4

EW 3; E 2; NS 1N; NS 2; E 2; W 1; W 1; Par −140

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 E−1 91003.000.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd1-Russell-Russell
3 N−1 6502.001.008-Ransom-McCrone4-Living-Moore
2 W2 K1101.002.003-Allen-VanSickle6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
2 NTE2 41200.003.007-Crouch-Schramm5-Leveque-Abbott

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 17
North Deals
None Vul
9 5 4 3 2
10 5
Q
Q J 6 3 2
Q J 10
K J 8 7 3
K 6 4
8 7
N
WE
S
A 8 7
Q 6 2
A 10 9 2
K 10 9
K 6
A 9 4
J 8 7 5 3
A 5 4

EW 3N; E 3; W 2; E 2; NS 2; NS 1; W 1; Par −300: NS 4×−2

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
2 NTE−1 5503.000.008-Ransom-McCrone5-Leveque-Abbott
1 NTE2 31201.501.501-Russell-Russell6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
1 NTE2 51201.501.503-Allen-VanSickle2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
2 NTE4 31800.003.004-Living-Moore7-Crouch-Schramm

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 18
East Deals
N-S Vul
Q 7
8
J 10 9 5
A K J 10 5 2
9 6 5 3
A K 9 6 5
A 7
8 4
N
WE
S
A K 10 8 4 2
Q 10 4 3
K 4
6
J
J 7 2
Q 8 6 3 2
Q 9 7 3

EW 6; EW 6; NS 3; EW 1N; NS 2; Par −980

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
4 E6 Q4801.501.501-Russell-Russell6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
4 E6 34801.501.503-Allen-VanSickle2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
4 E6 34801.501.504-Living-Moore7-Crouch-Schramm
4 E6 34801.501.508-Ransom-McCrone5-Leveque-Abbott

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 19
South Deals
E-W Vul
Q 8 4 3
K J 10 2
A J 10 6 2
K J 10 9 5
Q 6 3
K 8 6 3
7
N
WE
S
2
A 9 8 7 5 4
Q 9 4 2
K 9
A 7 6
A J 10 7 5
Q 8 5 4 3

NS 5; NS 2N; NS 2; EW 1; NS 1; Par +400

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 NTN3 74002.001.003-Allen-VanSickle2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
5 S5 J4002.001.004-Living-Moore7-Crouch-Schramm
5 N5 Q4002.001.008-Ransom-McCrone5-Leveque-Abbott
6 N−2 21000.003.001-Russell-Russell6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 20
West Deals
Both Vul
Q 9
A K 10 9 3 2
J 6 5
K 6
3
Q 8
Q 10 7 2
A 9 8 7 5 3
N
WE
S
A K J 10 5
6 4
9 3
J 10 4 2
8 7 6 4 2
J 7 5
A K 8 4
Q

NS 3; NS 2N; EW 2; EW 1; NS 1; Par +140

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
4 N4 A6203.000.008-Ransom-McCrone5-Leveque-Abbott
2 N3 91401.501.503-Allen-VanSickle2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
3 N3 A1401.501.504-Living-Moore7-Crouch-Schramm
4 N−1 A1000.003.001-Russell-Russell6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 21
North Deals
N-S Vul
10 9 8 7
Q 8
Q 9 4
Q 9 8 3
A Q
7 6 5 4
A K 10 3
10 4 2
N
WE
S
K J 6 5 3 2
A J
8 7 2
J 5
4
K 10 9 3 2
J 6 5
A K 7 6

EW 3; NS 2; NS 2; EW 1; Par −140

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 S3 A1403.000.008-Ransom-McCrone6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
4 E−1 A502.001.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd7-Crouch-Schramm
2 E3 A1400.502.504-Living-Moore3-Allen-VanSickle
1 E3 A1400.502.505-Leveque-Abbott1-Russell-Russell

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 22
East Deals
E-W Vul
K J 8 3
Q J 9 6 5
A 8 4
2
9 7
10 8 7 2
3 2
A Q 9 6 3
N
WE
S
Q 6 5 4 2
3
K 10 7 6
10 8 5
A 10
A K 4
Q J 9 5
K J 7 4

NS 5; S 4N; N 3N; NS 4; NS 2; Par +450

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 NTS4 84303.000.004-Living-Moore3-Allen-VanSickle
3 NTS3 64001.501.505-Leveque-Abbott1-Russell-Russell
3 NTS3 64001.501.508-Ransom-McCrone6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
3 NTS−1 6500.003.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd7-Crouch-Schramm

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 23
South Deals
Both Vul
J 8 7 2
Q 6 4
4
A K Q 6 3
9 6 3
K 8
K Q 6 5 2
J 5 4
N
WE
S
K 10 5
A 10 9 5 3
A 7
8 7 2
A Q 4
J 7 2
J 10 9 8 3
10 9

NS 2; NS 1N; NS 2; Par +110

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 NTN4 56303.000.004-Living-Moore3-Allen-VanSickle
1 E−2 102001.501.502-Boothroyd-Boothroyd7-Crouch-Schramm
2 W−2 A2001.501.508-Ransom-McCrone6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand
2 NTN2 101200.003.005-Leveque-Abbott1-Russell-Russell

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 24
West Deals
None Vul
Q J 7 3
A K 3 2
K 6 4
6 2
A 5 4
J 8 4
10 7 5
K Q 9 7
N
WE
S
K 9 6 2
Q 10 5
Q J 8 3
A 8
10 8
9 7 6
A 9 2
J 10 5 4 3

EW 1N; EW 1; EW 1; E 1; Par −90

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
4 ×E−2 63003.000.005-Leveque-Abbott1-Russell-Russell
3 NTE−2 31002.001.004-Living-Moore3-Allen-VanSickle
1 N−1 2501.002.002-Boothroyd-Boothroyd7-Crouch-Schramm
1 N−2 21000.003.008-Ransom-McCrone6-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 25
North Deals
E-W Vul
Q 8 4 3
A 10 3
10 8 5 3
9 4
A
K J 8 5
6 2
A K 10 7 5 3
N
WE
S
10 6 2
7 6 2
K J 7 4
J 8 6
K J 9 7 5
Q 9 4
A Q 9
Q 2

NS 3; EW 3; EW 1N; NS 2; EW 1; Par +140

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 S3 K1402.001.003-Allen-VanSickle1-Russell-Russell
3 S3 A1402.001.005-Leveque-Abbott4-Living-Moore
3 S3 A1402.001.008-Ransom-McCrone7-Crouch-Schramm
3 W−1 31000.003.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 26
East Deals
Both Vul
A J 8 6 3 2
10 5 3 2
J 8 2
Q
K Q 9 8
Q 10 4 3
Q 6 5 4
N
WE
S
10 7 5
A 7 4
6 5
K 10 8 3 2
K 9 4
J 6
A K 9 7
A J 9 7

NS 4; NS 3N; S 2; S 3; N 2; EW 2; N 1; Par +620

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
4 S5 96503.000.005-Leveque-Abbott4-Living-Moore
3 S5 42002.001.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
2 S4 K1701.002.008-Ransom-McCrone7-Crouch-Schramm
4 N−1 61000.003.003-Allen-VanSickle1-Russell-Russell

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 27
South Deals
None Vul
A J 5 3 2
K 5
A 10 8 2
J 5
K 8
J 8 6 4 2
4 3
A K 3 2
N
WE
S
10 7 4
A Q 7
K J 9 5
Q 9 4
Q 9 6
10 9 3
Q 7 6
10 8 7 6

EW 4; W 3N; EW 3; E 1N; NS 1; EW 1; Par −420

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
1 N3 41403.000.005-Leveque-Abbott4-Living-Moore
4 W−1 A502.001.008-Ransom-McCrone7-Crouch-Schramm
2 N−1 4501.002.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
2 W3 J1400.003.003-Allen-VanSickle1-Russell-Russell

To Bid or Not To Bid

Board 28
West Deals
N-S Vul
A J 9 6
K 7 3
Q 8 2
7 6 4
7 3
A 4
K J 9 7 4
A J 8 5
N
WE
S
K 8 5
Q 10 9 6
A 6
K Q 10 9
Q 10 4 2
J 8 5 2
10 5 3
3 2

EW 6; EW 5N; EW 5; EW 3; EW 2; Par −920

ContractLeadScoreMatchpointsPairPair
    N-SE-WN-SE-WN-SE-W
3 NTE−1 2502.001.005-Leveque-Abbott4-Living-Moore
3 NTE−1 2502.001.006-Lamontagne-Hildiebrand2-Boothroyd-Boothroyd
3 NTW−1 6502.001.008-Ransom-McCrone7-Crouch-Schramm
3 NTE3 24000.003.003-Allen-VanSickle1-Russell-Russell